Confusing Words and Phrases
In English, there are many words and phrase which look similar, but they are different in meaning:
STUDIO / STUDIOUS
Studio: a place where pictures are taken, or films are made.
e.g. The film was made in a
Studious: fond of study; careful and thoughtful.
e.g. To be a good scientist, you must be studious.
MELLOW / MELODIOUS
Mellow: mature; soft and pure; rich and full.
e.g. As he continues to age, he become more mellow and compassionate.
Melodious: tuneful; pleasant to the ear.
e.g. He voice is melodious; he should take up singin
PERISHABLE / PERISHING
Perishable: liable to die quickly.
e.g. Fresh vegetables are perishable; put them in the refrigerator.
Perishing: causing suffering.
e.g. Negative thinking may cause perishing emotions and thoughts.
DECORATIVE / DECOROUS
Decorative: having an artistic or showy effect.
e.g. The ballroom with all the ribbons and flowers are very decorative.
Decorous: showing good taste.
e.g. The Princess looks decorous in that simple but beautiful dress.
INGENIOUS / INGENUOUS
Ingenious is clever; ingenuous is natural, free from deceit.
e.g. I must say that was an ingenious way to steal the money.
e.g. His response was sincere and ingenuous.
GENTEEL / GENTLE
Genteel: well-bred, polite; imitating the lifestyle of the rich.
e.g. Your friend is genteel. Is he very rich?
e.g. All along he has been living in genteel poverty. He is not practical.
Gentle: being nice and showing care
e.g. Be gentle with the baby.
SEDATIVE / SEDENTARY
Sedative: calming or soothing.
e.g. The doctor gave her some sedative medicine to put her to sleep..
Sedentary: accustomed to sitting; physically inactive.
e.g. His sedentary work -- sitting in front of the computer -- took a toll on his health.
e.g. Avoid a sedentary lifestyle even if you are approaching 60..
FRAGILE / FRAIL
Fragile: delicate, easily broken.
e.g. This piece of antique is fragile; please handle it with care.
Frail: weak in health; without strong support.
e.g. Are you OK? You look pale and frail.
e.g. The Senator received frail support from his party.
PERIODIC / PERIODICAL
Periodic: occurring again and again.
e.g. The singer has never really retired with periodic appearance on TV.
Periodical: published at regular intervals.
e.g. This is a periodical magazine -- published once a month.