The following words are frequently confused and misused by ESL learners:
Providing that / Provided that
Providing that is incorrect.
e.g. You can go out to play provided (that) you have finished your homework. (meaning: on condition that)
e.g. You can keep the book for another week providing that no one has reserved it (incorrect: provided that should be used instead)
e.g. The millionaire has helped the poor, providing many of them with food and shelter. (correct; meaning: giving or offering)
Indoor / Indoors
Indoor is an adjective; indoors is an adverb.
e.g. Bowling is an indoor game.
e.g. It's going to rain; let's go indoors.
Welcome / Welcomed
Welcome is an adjective or a verb; welcomed is a participle.
e.g. You are most welcome.
e.g. This is a welcome party for all newcomers.
e.g. I like to welcome all of you.
e.g. The guests were welcomed by all of us in front of the house.
Accountable to / Accountable for
Accountable to someone; accountable for something (meaning "responsible for").
e.g. The CEO is accountable to the Board; he has to be accountable for all his business decisions.
Pretense / Pretension
Pretense is to make believe; pretension is a claim
e.g. I make no pretense to like her (I do not pretend that I like her).
e.g. I made no pretension to that award. (I never said I got that award)
Ingenious / Ingenuous
Ingenious is clever; ingenuous is natural, free from deceit.
e.g. I must say that was an ingenious way to fund the project.
e.g. His response to the question was sincere and ingenuous.
Stephen LauCopyright© by Stephen Lau